Environment Studies

 Environment Research Essay

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ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

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(ix) PRIMARY MODULE SYLLABUS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES TO GET UNDERGRADUATE COURSES OF ALL BRANCHES OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Unit 1: The A comprehensive Nature of Environmental Studies Definition, range and importance (2 Lectures) Need for community awareness. Device: 2: Natural Resources Renewable and nonrenewable resources: Normal resources and associated complications. (a) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, circumstance studies. Timber extraction, exploration, dams and their effects about forests and tribal persons. (b) Water resources: Employ and over-utilization of area and surface water, surges, drought, conflicts over water, damsbenefits and problems. (c) Mineral methods: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and applying mineral resources, case studies. (d) Meals resources: Globe food challenges, changes due to agriculture and over-grazing, associated with modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide challenges, water visiting, salinity, circumstance studies. (e) Energy assets: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, Case research. (f ) Land solutions: Land being a resource, property degradation, gentleman induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification. • Position of an person in conservation of organic resources. • Equitable use of resources for sustainable life styles. (8 Lectures) Unit 3: Environments • Notion of an environment. • Composition and function of an ecosystem. • Producers, buyers and decomposers. • Energy flow in the ecosystem. • Environmental succession. • Food chains, food webs and environmental pyramids.

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• Launch, types, feature features, structure and function of the following ecosystem: (a) Forest ecosystem (b) Grassland ecosystem (c) Wasteland ecosystem (d) Aquatic ecosystem (ponds, avenues, lakes, streams, oceans, estuaries). (6 Lectures) Unit four: Bio-diversity as well as Conservation • Introduction—Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem selection. • Biogeographical classification of India. • Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, cultural, ethical, aesthetic and alternative values. • Biodiversity at global, countrywide and local amounts. • India as a maga-diversity nation. • Hot-spots of biodiversity. • Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts. • Decreasing in numbers and native to the island species of India. • Preservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. (8 Lectures) Unit your five: Environmental Polluting of the environment Definition • Causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Smog (b) Water quality (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Environmental noise (f ) Thermal polluting of the environment (g) Elemental hazards. • Solid squander management: Triggers, effects and control actions of metropolitan and commercial wastes. • Role associated with an individual in prevention of pollution. • Pollution circumstance studies. • Disaster managing: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides. (8 Lectures)

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Unit 6th: Social Concerns and the Environment • Via...

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