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Devoted with Respect to Recollections of Our
DAD, LATE PROF. A. E. SINHA
An excellent Philosopher, Educationist and Humanist
& MOTHER, LATE SMT. ASHA LAGU KAUSHIK
An Embodiment of Love and Dedication
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(ix) PRIMARY MODULE SYLLABUS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES TO GET UNDERGRADUATE COURSES OF ALL BRANCHES OF HIGHER EDUCATION
Unit 1: The A comprehensive Nature of Environmental Studies Definition, range and importance (2 Lectures) Need for community awareness. Device: 2: Natural Resources Renewable and nonrenewable resources: Normal resources and associated complications. (a) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, circumstance studies. Timber extraction, exploration, dams and their effects about forests and tribal persons. (b) Water resources: Employ and over-utilization of area and surface water, surges, drought, conflicts over water, damsbenefits and problems. (c) Mineral methods: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and applying mineral resources, case studies. (d) Meals resources: Globe food challenges, changes due to agriculture and over-grazing, associated with modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide challenges, water visiting, salinity, circumstance studies. (e) Energy assets: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, Case research. (f ) Land solutions: Land being a resource, property degradation, gentleman induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification. Position of an person in conservation of organic resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable life styles. (8 Lectures) Unit 3: Environments Notion of an environment. Composition and function of an ecosystem. Producers, buyers and decomposers. Energy flow in the ecosystem. Environmental succession. Food chains, food webs and environmental pyramids.
Launch, types, feature features, structure and function of the following ecosystem: (a) Forest ecosystem (b) Grassland ecosystem (c) Wasteland ecosystem (d) Aquatic ecosystem (ponds, avenues, lakes, streams, oceans, estuaries). (6 Lectures) Unit four: Bio-diversity as well as Conservation IntroductionDefinition: genetic, species and ecosystem selection. Biogeographical classification of India. Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, cultural, ethical, aesthetic and alternative values. Biodiversity at global, countrywide and local amounts. India as a maga-diversity nation. Hot-spots of biodiversity. Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts. Decreasing in numbers and native to the island species of India. Preservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. (8 Lectures) Unit your five: Environmental Polluting of the environment Definition Causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Smog (b) Water quality (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Environmental noise (f ) Thermal polluting of the environment (g) Elemental hazards. Solid squander management: Triggers, effects and control actions of metropolitan and commercial wastes. Role associated with an individual in prevention of pollution. Pollution circumstance studies. Disaster managing: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides. (8 Lectures)
Unit 6th: Social Concerns and the Environment Via...